Integration, costs billions and only works half the time
According to the recent report by the Norwegian statistical center, the expensive ten-year ‘insertion plan’ would have managed to integrate only half of the migrants into the labor market in the Scandinavian country. On the other hand, in an unsatisfactory way.
Between 2005 and 2016, the Norwegian state spent 65.8 billion crowns (just over 6 and a half billion euros ) to integrate 37,000 migrants through the mandatory introduction regime. In 2017, however, only 55 percent of them were employed, according to the Aftenposten newspaper.
The Statistics Norway report highlights in particular how the percentage of those who have taken up studies or jobs increased yes in the early years of the state program, but then stabilized and then reversed the trend and gradually decreased.
The purpose of the so-called introduction scheme is “to strengthen the ability of newly arrived immigrant groups to quickly enter work or education”, “crucial moments for community participation and obtaining financial independence”, he explains the report.
More than eight years after starting the introductory program, however, only 53 percent have found a job, where, by job, they intend to work at least an hour a week. If a job means working for 35 or more hours, then the percentage drops to 33%, in a population that has 70% of full-time employment.
25 percent turned out to be on long-term sick leave or social care due to reduced work capacity, again according to the report.
Migrants from Somalia, Palestine, Iraq, Iran and Syria proved to be at the bottom of the ranking while their peers from Eritrea, Ethiopia and Myanmar showed much better statistics.
The problem, however, is also that most migrants manage to obtain only low-paying jobs, becoming drivers, cleaners or even street vendors. Many would have far higher qualifications than the job they are going to do and in fact neither themselves nor Norway derive any benefit from the education they acquired in their country of origin.
“It can be said that up to 70% of men and 60% of women with university or high school education are over-qualified in relation to the job at work they do, that is, they do a job that does not require higher education at all”, concludes the report.
A similar picture emerged in neighboring Sweden where a recent survey by the homologous statistical institute, Statistics Sweden, revealed that only one in ten of the 163,000 immigrants who arrived in the country at the height of the migrant crisis is employed today. The time of entry into the world of work has also grown – from the two / three years of the 1980s to the six / nine years of the 1990s, to further deteriorate in the new century.